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Infant Hiccups: Causes & Treatments in Babies

Cineam - Hiccups in infants are a very disturbing condition originating from the digestive system and can also occur in everyone. The condition of hiccups that occur in infants is not a condition that is not harmful but so disturbing. When breathing there is a muscle that limits the lungs and organs in the stomach that contract. These muscles include the respiratory muscles that help breathing known as the diaphragm. Contractions that are so strong or may be irregular contractions of the diaphragm that can result in hiccup conditions. Medical language, this hiccup is called a  singultus  or in Latin  'singult',  which means taking a breath in a sobbing condition.

Hiccups are  generally not a sign of a medical illness, but can be worrying and disturbing, especially in infants. If hiccups are experienced shortly after eating or when eating there are several ways to prevent hiccups in babies. Like reducing the dose of food to half and 2x more often, other than that reduce swallowing air. Hiccups that last more than 2 days, think of other possible causes.

Causes of Hiccups 

There are several things that can cause hiccups such as eating too much and fast, drinking soft drinks, swallowing air, smoking, and stress or a sudden sense of enthusiasm. If the hiccup lasts more than 48 hours, another possibility should be considered. Some diseases that may be related to hiccups that last more than 48 hours, namely:

- Irritation or damage to nerves
Nerve damage is the main cause of long-term hiccups. Factors that can cause irritation or damage to the nerves, namely hair or something else that touches the eardrum, sore throat (laryngitis),

- Abnormalities of the central nervous system
Tumors or infections of the central nervous system can cause damage to the nervous system and interference with the body's hiccup reflex can be disrupted.

- Metabolic disorders and drugs
Metabolic disorders such as electrolyte imbalance, kidney failure, high blood sugar. Medications can be due to the influence of sedatives, anesthetics (anesthetics).

Treatment of Hiccups in Babies
Most cases of hiccups will disappear on their own. But if the baby has a long-lasting hiccup it is recommended to immediately see a doctor. Medications that are usually prescribed by doctors for persistent and long-lasting cases of hiccups are  chlorpromazine, haloperidol and metoclopramide.
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Copyright 2016 by New Medicine Foundation